Enhancing the radio and television broadcasting system in Djibouti

Enhancing the radio and television broadcasting system in Djibouti

# Public Sector # Overseas # Telecommunication # Africa # Broadcasting

Upgrading broadcasting facilities and equipment to transition from analog to digital

In Djibouti, print media such as newspapers and magazines and online media or the Internet is not as widespread as radio. There are 80,000 television sets in the country of 833,000 people (2007, Djibouti government). According to a survey conducted by the Djibouti government, 80% of the population has access to a television set, meaning that radio and television play a significant role in the communication and education of people. In 1977, the Radiodiffusion Television de Djibouti (RTD) broadcasting station was established. In 1991, Japan provided grant aid for studio equipment, including the construction of a TV station building for program productions, which enabled television broadcasting. For over 10 years, RTD has continued to maintain and utilize the equipment and facilities to broadcast television programs. However, broadcasting has become difficult due to the deterioration of equipment and the shortage of spare parts. Considering the difficulty in upgrading/updating the equipment and facilities due to budget deficit, the Government of Djibouti requested grant aid to update the facilities of their broadcasting station, including equipment in the studio where programs were produced and the master control system. The Basic Design Study Team recognized the necessity to upgrade the master control system, studio systems, editing systems, and ENG equipment. The project was then decided for implementation. The objectives of the project were as follows:

1) Upgrade the deteriorated broadcasting equipment to allow RTD to continuously broadcast extensive and diverse information to the people as a public broadcaster.
2) Migrate from the existing analog broadcasting system and introduce digital production system to improve efficiency.

  • Antenna tower

  • Master studio

Updating the entire system for program production in order to transit to digital broadcasting

This project was aimed at upgrading the existing broadcasting system in the master control room, which is the heart of a broadcasting station, the studio for producing TV programs, and the news studio for digital broadcasting. All of the production systems including the master control system were upgraded because it was difficult to upgrade only a part of the existing system when changing the transmission signal from analog to digital. Along with the upgrade, the non-linear video edit systems, 1:1 edit systems which are often used for news broadcasting, and electric news gathering equipment were upgraded to integrate the new video recording format. The direct effects were as follows:

1) Continuation of television broadcasting services:
The existing equipment were upgraded and the availability of spare parts were improved. This made it possible to continue television broadcasting services.

2) Stabilization of recorded video storage and minimized storage space:
RTD broadcasting equipment were upgraded from the existing analog system to the digital system and the new systems, which can record the videos in a digital signal and made it possible to keep data for a longer time and compress data to lower the storage space required.

3) Wider availability of transmission methods:
The digitization of video records made it possible to transmit these videos through the Internet and other channels and distribute in DVD and other media formats.

4) Improved production efficiency:
The production of television programs became more efficient through the introduction of digital technology and made it possible to produce the programs requested by the National Education Ministry and the Ministry of Health. Those programs also resolved the problem of equipment shortage and made it possible to increase the number of the programs produced. Programs for promoting public education: Within 5 years the target is to increase production to about 4 documentary programs and 50 spot programs a year for programs promoting public education, and 10 independently produced programs a weekd every week.

  • Cake with gratitude message

  • News studio

  • Transmission room

Project Details

    Project: The Project for the Improvement of TV Programs of Radiodiffusion Television of Djibouti
    Client: Ministry of Communication & Culture, Djibouti